Pentane is a common solvent used in many applications. Some of its most common uses include polystyrene foam production, blended refrigerant production, and high-octane fuel production.
Hexane is a colorless, flammable liquid used in many research, industrial, and food processing applications. Hexane is primarily used as an industrial degreaser, component of some forms of glue, and as an extraction agent for cooking oils including canola and soybean oil. Hexane may also be used in textile production and as a cleaning agent.
Heptane is a colorless, flammable liquid commonly used as a fuel additive, non-polar solvent, pharmaceutical manufacturing, and as a component of some paints and finishes.
Activated charcoal, or activated carbon, is a form of processed carbon with an extremely high surface area by volume. It is typically used in powdered form as a filtration agent due to its adsorbent properties. Activated carbon may also be used as a pesticide in organic farming, or as a storage media for some gases. Activated charcoal is also used to prevent or counteract poisoning and overdoses.